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    據研究表明室內污染會引發兒童白血??!
    來源:http://www.rgttr05.top    添加日期:2019-07-03 11:45:35    瀏覽次數:
    記者昨日從市醫科大學得悉,本市腫瘤研討所盛行病室剛剛完成的近20年市區兒童白血病發病狀況最新統計標明,0至14歲兒童成為白血病的高發人群,其中0至4歲兒童死亡率最高。專家表示,化學毒物、藥物、吸煙飲酒、電磁輻射、大氣污染都是形成兒童白血病高發的可能要素,其中室內裝修形成的室內空氣污染又是最重要的誘因,裝修越是奢華越可能招致兒童患白血病。
      Reporters learned from the Municipal Medical University yesterday that the latest statistics on the incidence of childhood leukemia in urban areas just completed in the recent 20 years in the prevalent ward of the Municipal Cancer Seminar indicate that children aged 0 to 14 are at high risk of leukemia, among which children aged 0 to 4 have the highest mortality rate. Experts say that chemical poisons, drugs, smoking and drinking, electromagnetic radiation and air pollution are all possible factors contributing to the high incidence of childhood leukemia. Indoor air pollution caused by indoor decoration is the most important inducement. The more luxurious decoration is, the more likely children will suffer from leukemia.
      近20年來本市市區居民白血病總發病率為4.71/10萬,總死亡率為2.76/10萬,均勻發病年齡為43.87歲,均勻死亡年齡為45.73歲;上世紀80年代血液病醫院停止過白血病的盛行病學調查顯現白血病發病率為3.5/10萬,由此可見目前白血病的發病率呈現出上升趨向。近20年來,本市市區居民白血病類型主要為急性粒細胞性白血病,發病率為42.9%,其次為慢性粒細胞性、急性淋巴細胞性、慢性淋巴細胞性白血??;但在兒童中,急性淋巴細胞性白血病是最常見的類型,占兒童全部白血病發病的3/4。
      Over the past 20 years, the total incidence of leukemia in urban residents of this city has been 47.1/100,000, the total mortality rate is 27.76/100,000, the average age of onset is 43.87, and the average age of death is 45.73. The prevalence of leukemia in hematological hospitals in the 1980s showed that the incidence of leukemia was 35/100,000, which shows that the current incidence of leukemia is 3.5/100,000. Incidence rate showed an upward trend. In the past 20 years, the main types of leukemia in urban residents of this city are acute granulocytic leukemia (42.9%), followed by chronic granulocytic leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. However, among children, acute lymphocytic leukemia is the most common type, accounting for 3% of all childhood leukemia cases. /4.
      由于兒童自身免疫系統不成熟,對很多外界毒物刺激又沒有風險認識,因而目前白血病曾經成為兒童期發病率最高的惡性腫瘤,約占兒童惡性腫瘤的50%左右。固然白血病發病緣由還尚未明了,病毒可能是主要的致病緣由之一,但還沒有一種要素能充沛解釋全部狀況。因而醫學專家揣測白血病的發作并非單一要素形成的,而是由多種要素綜合惹起。兒童假如存在某種先天性的易感要素,再加上外界要素的作用,就可能引發白血病。容易引發白血病的要素有:農藥、殺蟲劑、汽油、煤油、裝修資料等某些化學毒物;父母孕前或孕中服用鎮靜劑、避孕藥、抗腫瘤藥物,吸煙飲酒;寓居地左近存在高功率電臺、高壓電線等電離、電磁輻射,父母經常接觸X射線或在醫院心內科介入室工作;寓居在工廠、加油站、交通要道左近,大氣污染也容易形成兒童白血??;另外還有遺傳要素,當家庭有一個成員發作白血病時,近親發作白血病的幾率比普通人高出4倍。
      Because of the immaturity of children's autoimmune system and the lack of risk awareness of many external toxic stimuli, leukemia has become the most common malignant tumor in childhood, accounting for about 50% of children's malignant tumors. Although the cause of leukemia is still unknown, viruses may be one of the main causes of leukemia, but there is no one factor that can adequately explain the whole situation. Therefore, medical experts speculate that the onset of leukemia is not caused by a single factor, but by a combination of multiple factors. If children have some congenital susceptibility factors, coupled with the role of external factors, it may lead to leukemia. Some chemical poisons, such as pesticides, insecticides, gasoline, kerosene, decoration materials, are the main factors that easily cause leukemia. Parents take sedatives, contraceptives, antineoplastic drugs before or during pregnancy, smoke and drink alcohol. There are ionizing and electromagnetic radiation such as high-power radio and high-voltage wire near their residence, and their parents are often exposed to X-rays. Or work in the interventional room of the cardiology department of the hospital; live near the factory, gas station and main traffic road, air pollution is also prone to childhood leukemia; there are also genetic factors, when a family member has leukemia, the incidence of leukemia in close relatives is four times higher than that in ordinary people.
      在引發兒童白血病的要素中,環境污染特別是室內環境污染是一個重要誘因,很多白血病患兒家中近期都曾經裝修過,而且越是奢華裝修越容易招致兒童患白血病。室內污染物主要為甲醛、苯、總揮發性有機物等,甲醛主要來源于裝飾資料中的膠合板、細木工板、中密度纖維板和刨花板等人造板材,另外貼墻布、貼墻紙、化纖地毯、泡沫塑料、油漆、涂料、家具和地毯也含有甲醛并有可能向外界釋放,高濃度的甲醛對免疫系統具有毒害;室內苯污染的來源主要是室外空氣污染進入室內和室內裝修資料中釋放的揮發性有機化合物,長期接觸低濃度苯能招致慢性苯中毒、再生障礙性貧血以至白血??;總揮發性有機物主要來源于油漆、含水涂料、粘合劑等有機溶液,人造板、泡沫隔熱資料、塑料板材等建筑資料,以及壁紙等室內裝飾資料。目前以為總揮發性有機物能惹起機體免疫程度失調,嚴重時可損傷造血系統。
    濟南除甲醛公司
      Among the factors causing childhood leukemia, environmental pollution, especially indoor environmental pollution, is an important inducement. Many children with leukemia have recently been decorated in their homes, and the more luxurious decoration, the more likely children to suffer from leukemia. Indoor pollutants are mainly formaldehyde, benzene, total volatile organic compounds, etc. Formaldehyde mainly comes from plywood, blockboard, medium density fiberboard and Particleboard in decoration materials. In addition, wall cloth, wallpaper, chemical fiber carpet, foam plastic, paint, paint, furniture and carpet also contain formaldehyde and have cocoa. High concentration of formaldehyde is toxic to immune system; indoor benzene pollution mainly comes from volatile organic compounds released from outdoor air pollution into indoor and indoor decoration materials; long-term exposure to low concentration of benzene can cause chronic benzene poisoning, aplastic anemia and leukemia; total volatility The main sources of such materials are organic materials such as paints, water-based coatings, adhesives, wood-based panels, foam insulation materials, plastic sheets and other building materials, as well as wallpaper and other interior decoration materials. At present, it is thought that total volatile organic compounds (VOCs) can cause imbalance of immunity and damage hematopoietic system in severe cases.
      因而專家表示,為了防止兒童白血病,父母在日常生活中應該留意本人的行為。不要過多地接觸X射線和其他有害的放射線,從事放射線工作的人員要做好個人的防護,增強預防措施;運用藥物時要當心慎重,必需有醫生指導,切勿長期運用或濫用;裝修房屋時要購置契合環保規范的資料,并盡量采用無污染或少污染的施工工藝;房子裝修完成后不要急于讓兒童入住,應該先請室內環境檢測部門停止檢測,聽取專家的意見選擇適宜的入住時間。
      Therefore, experts say that in order to prevent childhood leukemia, parents should pay attention to their behavior in daily life. Do not expose too much to X-ray and other harmful radiation. Personnel engaged in radiation work should take personal protection and strengthen preventive measures. When using drugs, they should be careful and must have the guidance of doctors. They should not be used or abused for a long time. When decorating houses, they should purchase materials conforming to environmental protection standards and try their best to use pollution-free materials. The construction technology of dyeing or less pollution; after the house decoration is completed, do not rush to let children in, should first ask the indoor environment testing department to stop testing, listen to experts'opinions and choose the appropriate time to stay.
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